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Novi Sad

History of Novi Sad


On the slopes of Fruska gora Mountain, on the banks of the Danube and in the shadows of Petrovaradin Fortress, there is a city with a tradition more than 300 years long. It is called Novi Sad and is located on the 1255th kilometre of the Danube River. For the first time, it was officially mentioned in 1694, only two years after the fortress construction had begun. Regardless to this not so long history of the city, the territory has got quite long and interesting past, concerning various peoples and cultures. Here, at this place, where The Danube and Tisa rivers run very close to each other, have been numerous confrontations: cultures of East and West, Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Islam. As a result of that, many ethnic and religious groups have found their shelters here. Numerous peoples had visited and settled this area: Romans, Gepids, Huns, Avars, Slavs, Germans, Hungarians, Byzantines and Turks. The first fortification on the Petrovaradin rocks was built by Romans. Hungarians rebuilt it, and Turks took care of it. During the 17th century, after the Turks had been expelled, Hungarian rulers started to build a lodgement on the left and marshy side of the Danube, opposite of the fortress. That is, exactly, where traders, craftsmen and soldiers founded their dwelling, which was first called Racko (Serbian) village, and later Petrovaradin Šanac (moat). After the wars ended, at the beginning of the 18th century, when the number of the inhabitants raised, citizens being hungry for freedom, had paid 80 000 forints to their empress Maria Theresa and turned their settlement into a ”free royal city”. They named it Novi Sad. This event happened on February 1st 1748. Since 1748 city was ruled by magistracy. Population of the city was 4620 inhabitants and the Orthodox and Catholic leaders were alternately rotated in the main positions. In the year 1848, during the revolution, city was bombed and destroyed. After that, inhabitants started
rebuilding it. The architecture of the city became richer with some elements of Baroque and Secession, as well as the other styles. When the World War I ended, Novi Sad and Vojvodina were incorporated into Serbia, i.e. Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians (Kingdom of Yugoslavia to be). Ever since, they have been sharing the same destiny. During the 20th century, Novi Sad continued its development and became a modern city with tall buildings and wide boulevards. After the WWII the territory was expanded and the population grew to a great extent.

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Novi Sad today

Judging by archaeological findings, Novi Sad has been a good place for living for five thousand years already. The development of a modern city is connected with Petrovaradin Fortress, one of the most important preserved fortifications in Europe. It is the symbol of the city and evidence to a turbulent history and tradition that strongly leans onto European culture.
Novi Sad is currently a cultural, economic, political and administrative centre of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, a modern university city that has grown on the tradition of continuity of cultural development. It is the city of museums, galleries, and events such as EXIT Music Festival that has been awarded international rewards and that has acquired international recognisability.
Novi Sad should be visited due to its unrepeatable substantiality of an urban centre characterised by Orthodox, Catholic, protestant churches and the synagogue, baroque, neo-renaissance, classicistic, and Bauhaus buildings, as well as those built in the modern style.
National Park Fruška Gora with picnic sites, preserved eco-systems and the complex of Serbian Orthodox monasteries is the belt that leans directly onto a wider city area. In the surroundings of Novi Sad one can also find “salaš“ farms, hunting resorts, fishing and wine areas.
The inhabitants of Novi Sad cherish calmness in behaviour, they speak different mother tongues, and they greet each visitor with the attention and curious cordiality.
Novi Sad, the city on the Danube, the city of European history and Balkan hospitality, is the experience you miss.
Welcome


General information
Climate
Climate is temperate continental and continental.
Average temperature is 10,9ºC a year. Average precipitation is 578 mm/m² a year.
Population
According to the official census held in 2011, the city´s population is 335.701 inhabitants.
Electrical current
220 V, 50 Hz
Time zone
GMT +1
Area code
To Serbia +381
To Novi Sad (0) 21
International code 00
Currency
Dinar RSD, 1 dinar= 100 para
Transportation
GSP public
One ticket price is 55 RSD
Taxi
Start 70 RSD
City drive 52 RSD/km
Out of city drive 66 RSD/km
Pet transport 200 RSD
Waiting 435 RSD/hour
Health facilities
Duty services are working nonstop.
Pharmacies are open from 8.00 to 20.00, but there are some night duty pharmacies.
Post offices and banks
ATMs are at numerous important places throughout the city.
Foreign currencies can be exchanged in banks and exchange in banks and exchange offices.
Important phone numers
Police 192
Fire brigade 193
Ambulance 194
Roadside assistance (AMSS) 1987
Hospital 021 484-3-484
Clinic of cardiology Sremska Kamenica 021/ 4805-100
Bus station 021/ 444-021, 444-022
Railway station 021/443-200
Public city transportation- information 021/527-399
Public phones
Halo cards can be bought at post offices and newsstands.
Public toilets are at these locations:
By the City Hall ( Kralja Aleksandra Street), at Dunavski park and at SPENS



Source: http://novisad.travel/

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